Doctors typically diagnose PCOS in women who have at least two of these three symptoms.
- high androgen levels
- irregular menstrual cycles
- cysts in the ovaries
Your doctor may also ask if you have had symptoms like acne, face and body hair growth, and weight gain.
A pelvic exam can look for any problems with your ovaries or other parts of your reproductive tract.
Blood tests check for higher-than-normal levels of male hormones.
You might also have blood tests to check your cholesterol, insulin, and triglycerides levels to evaluate your risk for related conditions like heart disease and diabetes.
An ultrasound uses sound waves to look for abnormal follicles and other problems with your ovaries and uterus.
Pregnancy and PCOS
PCOS interrupts the normal menstrual cycle and makes it harder to get pregnant. Between 70 and 80 percent of women with PCOS have fertility problems.
This condition can also increase the risk for pregnancy complications.
Women with PCOS are twice as likely as women without the condition to deliver their baby prematurely. They are also at greater risk for miscarriage, high blood pressure, and gestational diabetes.
However, women with PCOS can get pregnant using fertility treatment that improves ovulation. Losing weight and lowering blood sugar levels can improve your chances of having a healthy pregnancy.